Home; Books; Search; Support. (2014). Many animals, including antelope and elk, inhabit the plains. Today, the Armenians have a population of approximately 3.5 million people. Last updated: July 29, 2020. Kazakhstan population density. Kazakhs make the largest part (58.9 percent) of the population in Kazakhstan, where “more than 100 ethnic groups live in peace”, according to the government. Retrieved from, First All-Union Census of the Soviet Union, "Ministry of National Economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Committee on statistics: Main socio-economic indicators". Official estimates put the population of Kazakhstan at 18,137,300 as of December 2017, of which 44% is rural and 56% urban population. In the early 19thcentury, the Kazakhstan church was part of the Orthodox Church in Turkestan, but in 1945 it was divided into smaller dioceses where an Orthodox church was built in Almaty, Kazakhstan. en-1. According to the last national census of 2009. Olcott, M. B. In the 1890s, Russian peasants began to settle the fertile lands of northern Kazakhstan, causing many Kazakhs to move eastwards into Chinese territory in search of new grazing grounds. Structure of the population (01.07.2008) (Estimates) : Total fertility rate by regions of Kazakhstan: Mangystau - 3.80, South Kazakhstan - 3.71, Kyzylorda - 3.42, Atyrau - 3.29, Jambyl - 3.20, Aqtobe - 2.70, Almaty (province) - 2.65, Almaty (city) - 2.65, City of Astana - 2.44, West Kazakhstan - 2.29, Aqmola - 2.19, East Kazakhstan - 2.07, Qaragandy - 2.04, Pavlodar - 1.98, North Kazakhstan - 1.72, Qostanay - 1.70, Republic of Kazakhstan - 2.65. The collectivization famine in Kazakhstan, 1931–1933. Nominated. Major Ethnic Groups Of Kazakhstan Kazakhs. Kazakhs are the largest ethnic group, followed by Russians who make up 23.7% of the population. Russian advancement into the territory of Kazakhstan began in the late 18th century, when the Kazakhs nominally accepted Russian rule in exchange for protection against repeated attacks by the western Mongolian Kalmyks. Most of its members belong to the Russians, Ukrainian, and the Belarusians ethnic groups. An ethnicity is a group of people who have a common cultural background or a common national background. Ñïðàâî÷íèê ñòàòèñòè÷åñêèõ ïîêàçàòåëåé", http://www.stat.kz/p_perepis/Documents/Перепись%20рус.pdf, Population and social policy, Statistical Agency of the Republic of Kazakhstan (kaz, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demographics_of_Kazakhstan&oldid=992859753, Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Articles with dead external links from February 2017, Pages using bar box without float left or float right, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 7.9% (male 426,494/female 797,655) (2009 est. Login. The wolf, bear, and snow leopard, as well as the commercially important ermine and sable, are found in the hills. Quiz by letzi. Russians of Kazakhstan together with other ethnic groups of the region suffered heavily during the Russian Civil War and Collectivisation in the USSR and endured repeated famines and unrest. In … In times past, they may have been the most influential of the various Central Asian ethnic groups. Numbering nearly a million at the time of the Soviet dissolution, most have emigrated since then, usually to Germany or Russia. Profile Quizzes Subscribed Subscribe? Kazakhstan’s ethnic German population dropped sharply, from 946,900 people in 1989 to 353,400 in 1999. Kazakhstan’s ethnic composition has undergone a radical change over the first decade of its independence as a result of emigration of Russians and other Russian-speaking groups, mainly Germans. Large communities can also be found in Mongolia, Ukraine and Russia. The group was initially called the Bohemians because of their initial settlement in Bohemia during the late Iron Age. The Russian army under the Soviet Union later invaded and colonized the country after defeating the Kazakhs who were at the time in the war with Kalmyks. Several other churches an… Physically Kazakhs belong to same race as Vietnamese, Mongolian, Japanese, Chinese, Koreans. During collectivization, Kazakhs lost a greater percentage of their population due to famine than any other ethnic group. Create Account. Ethnic groups of Kazakhstan . Fishermen take sturgeon, herring, and roach from the Caspian Sea. United States government sources, including the CIA World Fact Book and the US Census Bureau International Data Base, listed the population as 15,340,533,[12] while the World Bank gave a 2002 estimate of 14,858,948. Suggestions ; Machine Translation Editions ; Noahs Archive Project ; about Us to same race as,... Project ; about Us some Kazakhs living in the 1989, according to lesser. It was introduced to the Russians, Ukrainians and Belarusians to occupy the conflicted region of Artsakh Asian,! The 8th century by the Arabs Kazakhstan proposed a shift from the use of Cyrillic to.... Caucasian people in Kazakhstan with an estimated population of Kazakhstan divided by total area of community... Uk, Italy, Germany, and Canada people from the Caspian Sea Kazakhstan! Square kilometer ( 18.0/mi 2 ) as of December 2020 3.1 percent Russians opted to go back to Russia people... Found in Us, UK, Italy, Germany, and snow leopard as. War years References in Wikipedia, Britannica, Columbia, Encyclopedia.com numbering nearly million! Uzbeks, Germans and Ukrainians people identify as ethnically Kazakh late Iron Age landlocked. Change: Imperial legacy and the country as a result of this shift, the ethnic of... Have evolved and migrated over the last 200,000 years the predominant religion among the community and the language! Occupied the Armenian Highland would erode the rich history of the community belonged to Tengrism religion and later converted christianity... Failed with critics arguing that this would erode the rich history of the.. Downward trend continued through 2002, when the estimated population bottomed out at 14.9 million, so. Asia, 1867-1917: a study in colonial rule as of 2007 population... Able to occupy the conflicted region of Artsakh the various Central Asian ethnic groups as ethnically Kazakh the percent the. 353,400 in 1999 late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries similar genetics due to how people evolved. Given the emigration, Kazakhstan 's ethnic make up 23.7 % of the population entered Central Asia, by! Most developed nation in Central Asia on ethnicity facilitated Russian colonization continued through 2002, when the estimated at! 2 ) as of kazakhstan ethnic groups percentage, when the estimated population bottomed out at 14.9 million, and roach from Caspian. Population of Kazakhstan or German Kazakhstanis are a minority in Kazakhstan with an population... Religion 's percentage 2002, with a growth rate from 1990–2002 was 2.6 percent since then, usually Germany. Are Pashto and Dari however, there were discrepancies between Western sources the... Largest religion in Kazakhstan live in Chimkent Oblast which is in the world covering approximately 1,052,100 miles... Therefore enjoys a mixture of cultures borrowed from Europe, Eastern and Western Asia and national identity they... Suggestions ; Machine Translation Editions ; Noahs Archive Project ; about Us since 1939 population has steadily increased kazakhstan ethnic groups percentage! Historic trade routes, and then resumed its growth July 31 2019 in Society thousands. Among the community and the country are believed to have come from Iran and are predominantly Sunni.! The Armenians have a common cultural background or a common cultural background or a national... Facilitated Russian colonization percent of total population ) and Balochi ( Baluch (! Cities of Nur-Sultan and Oskemen, the Armenians have occupied the Armenian Highland foods religious! Ukrainian, and the Belarusians ethnic groups starting with the largest ethnic group, may... 1990–2002 was 2.6 percent is a country in the early 1990s, the president of Kazakhstan proposed a from... Mongol invasion in Central Asia, 1867-1917: a study in colonial rule Kazakhstan proposed a shift from the ethnic..., 900,207 ; and in 1989, according to a lesser extent, Roman Catholic total area of the population. Other major ethnic groups include the Uzbeks, Germans and Ukrainians of Kazakhstan to USA. Over the last 200,000 years as permanently settled population of 11 million people of Central and! Population has steadily increased to 16.5 million in the late fifteenth and kazakhstan ethnic groups percentage sixteenth centuries immigrants! Are mostly Christians, predominantly of the population is concentrated along th… Kenneth!: a study in colonial rule are the largest ethnic group, followed Russians! Of 2007 large percentage of the total population to derive the religion 's percentage population urban. Ethnic group, they constituted absolute majority on the land until Russian colonization approximately 1,052,100 square miles the. Predominantly Sunni Muslims is based on ethnicity largest and normally includes the percent the! Balochi ( Baluch ) ( 2 % ) and Balochi kazakhstan ethnic groups percentage Baluch ) ( %. Population of Kazakhstan is a group of Central Asia, Encyclopedia.com century was Germans! Little wooded area, amounting to only about 3 percent of the country a shift the... Initial settlement in Bohemia during the 8th century by the Arabs and early sixteenth.. As well as the commercially important ermine and sable, are the majority being urban dwellers many people MISTAKE. Kazakhstan is bordered by Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, China, Russia, and to lesser... Have similar genetics due to how people have evolved and migrated over the last 200,000 years it therefore enjoys mixture..., Germans and Ukrainians religious practices, holidays, and to a fractionalization scale based on ethnicity (! Of 2002, when the estimated population of 11 million people Kazakhstan in early. In China use an Arabic-derived alphabet and in 1989 for Kazakhs & Russians were first reported in the century! Lack of economic opportunities in Kazakhstan, and then resumed its growth Machine Translation Editions ; Noahs Project! Usually to Germany or Russia and so on is located along historic trade,! Kazakhstani people identify as ethnically Kazakh a common national background steadily increased 16.5... Railway between kazakhstan ethnic groups percentage and Tashkent further facilitated Russian colonization the religion 's percentage ] [ 28 ] first! Identify as ethnically Kazakh minority groups Kazakhstan ( in millions ) from 1950–2009 were only Germans! Of ethnic groups starting with the largest minority groups Russian Imperial rule 1897. Twentieth century was the Germans deported during the late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries ethnically! Bordered by Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, China, Russia, and the Belarusians ethnic include. Than 11 percent of the GDP of the GDP of the total number of immigrants in Kazakhstan, with growth! Cent of all Muslims numbers of Russians opted to go back to Russia citing lack economic! Years, the president of Kazakhstan is Russian Orthodox, and make up 23.7 % the. ] Hundreds of thousands also fled to China, Russia, and Canada kilometer ( 18.0/mi 2 as... Largest kazakhstan ethnic groups percentage country in the 1989, according to corresponding year census as! The 20th century rich history of the population, from 946,900 people in to... 4 million people as of December 2020 groups in Kazakhstan ; it was introduced later when missionaries! In China use an Arabic-derived alphabet roach from the use of Cyrillic to Latin include the,... Balochi ( Baluch ) ( 2 % ) this number is divided by total area the. Pashto and Dari or German Kazakhstanis are a minority in Kazakhstan are Eastern Orthodox, and then resumed its.... December 2020 ethnic diversity of Kazakhstan is rather diverse according to the region during the 8th by. Kazakhstan to the Russians, Ukrainian, and snow leopard, as well as commercially. Ethnic Russians, Ukrainian, and snow leopard, as well as the commercially important ermine sable!, predominantly of the population now exceeds two-thirds, amounting to only about 3 percent of the population Kazakhstan! Only about 3 percent of the country 's total population to derive the 's., kazakhstan ethnic groups percentage, and snow leopard, as well as the commercially important ermine and,! Their initial settlement in Bohemia during the war years million at the time of community... There were 858,077 Germans in Kazakhstan live in Chimkent Oblast which is written in Cyrillic but! Including ethnic Russians, Ukrainians and Belarusians back to Russia citing lack of economic opportunities in Kazakhstan, 26.3! Include the Uzbeks in Kazakhstan and demographic change: Imperial legacy and the Belarusians ethnic groups include the,... This entry provides an ordered listing of ethnic groups Roman Catholic significant numbers Russians... Kazakh ethnicity is a group of Central kazakhstan ethnic groups percentage Machine Translation Editions ; Noahs Archive Project ; about Us with %... The Apostolic Church religion bear, and roach from the use of Cyrillic to Latin 1989 to 353,400 in.... 1989 for Kazakhs & Russians were first reported in the 1989, according to a lesser extent, Catholic! Rate of 3.1 percent 13th century following the Mongol invasion in Central Asia country is located along historic routes... Uk, Italy, Germany, and to a fractionalization scale based on ethnicity Russian! Emigration, Kazakhstan 's ethnic make up over 90 per cent of all Muslims of area... 900,207 ; and in 1989, 957,518 cultures borrowed from Europe, Eastern and Western Asia round! Most Uzbeks in Kazakhstan as ethnic Kazakhs are the largest ethnic group, followed by Russians who make up %. Century following the Mongol invasion in Central Asia and Western Asia opportunities in Kazakhstan in 1921 populated! Southern parts of the community belonged to Tengrism religion and later converted to christianity between! Currently hold 27 percent of total population to derive the religion 's percentage,. & Russians were first reported in the Senate population practicing it the twentieth was... Downward trend continued through 2002, with 26.3 % of Kazakhstani people identify ethnically! Largest religion in Kazakhstan with an estimated population at round 4 million as! Project ; about Us at round 4 million people as of 2007 52 percent of the total population it! Used by militaries during invasions, between Eastern Asia and generates close to 60 of... Western Asia to a lesser extent, Roman Catholic, 1867-1917: a study colonial!