1455 (January 8) Romanus Pontifex ("The Roman pontiff") Nicholas V : Sanctifies the seizure of non-Christian lands discovered during the Age of Discovery and encourages the enslavement of natives. Papal bulls from the 1400s condoned the conquest of the Americas and other lands inhabited by indigenous people. Johnson v. M’Intosh became the cornerstone of U.S. federal Indian law, Jeffers said. All the names of countries in "Africa" concocted out of their Berlin Conference of 1884 are fiction. Papal bulls issued by Pope Nicholas V Dum Diversas in 1452. and Pope Alexander VI issued Inter Caetera in 1493 ... archaic and quite frankly outdated document is not repudiated by the Vatican,” Tukaki says. Dum Diversas The Papal Bull June 18 1452 by Pope Nicolas V & Slave Trade, Berlin Conference 1884 ... Niggas and Nigritia 2013. Re-read the part where it says, someone had the authority to enslave Israelites. This is the kind of stuff makes it hard to separate the doctrinally good things of Christianity from the horrible things perpetrated by its proclaimers. In 1454, the Pope followed up Dum Diversas with Romanus Pontifex, which granted Portugal the more specific right to conquer and enslave all peoples south of Cape Bojador.5 Taken together, these papal bulls did far more than grant exclusive rights to the Portuguese; they signaled to the rest of Christian Europe that the enslavement of sub-Saharan Africans was acceptable and encouraged. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. More bulls followed, said Newcomb, author of the book Pagans in the Promised Land: Decoding the Doctrine of Christian Discovery. Dum diversas: Nicholas V: Authorizes Afonso V of Portugal to reduce any Muslims, pagans and other unbelievers to perpetual slavery. For instance, in 2005, the Supreme Court referenced the Doctrine of Discovery in the first footnote to the case City of Sherrill v. Oneida Indian Nation of New York, which maintained that parcels of tribal land sold and later repurchased by the Oneida were neither tax exempt nor sovereign. ( Log Out /  The bull, Pope Nicholas V ‘s decree, of 1452 was addressed to Afonso V and conceded Portugal’s right to attack, conquer and subjugate Saracens and pagans; this is also known as Dum Diversas. Please find below the Papal bull by Pope Nicholas V. This is just so saddening. The majority of these documents were originally found on the original St. Michael’s Depot site which is no longer online. Somehow I never connected the two. The Doctrine of Discovery, while not mentioned by name, was given a legitimating stamp. Together with a second reference to some who have already been enslaved, this has been used to suggest that Nicholas sanctioned the purchase of black slaves from “the infidel”: “… many Guineamen and other negroes, taken by force, and some by barter of unprohibited articles, or by other lawful contract of purchase, have been … converted to the Catholic faith, and it is hoped, by the help of divine mercy, that if such progress be continued with them, either those peoples will be converted to the faith or at least the souls of many of them will be gained for Christ.”. Learn more here, Copyright © The National Catholic Reporter Publishing Company | 115 E. Armour Blvd., Kansas City, MO 64111 | 1-800-444-8910, In January 1891, the bodies of four Lakota Sioux are seen wrapped in blankets, three weeks after the Dec. 29 massacre by U.S. forces at Wounded Knee River on the Pine Ridge reservation in South Dakota. on 18 June, 1452. Slavery in America was in keeping with language authorizing slavery in the Vatican document Dum diversas and other such documents issued in the 1450s. Shoot, the first slave ship to capture Africans was called Jesus of Lubeck AKA the Good Ship Jesus captained by John Hawkins of England. It extended to the Catholic nations of Europe dominion over discovered lands during the Age of Discovery or Age of Exploration. By these decree,  Pope Nicholas V conceded to the King of Portugal Afonso V and Prince Henry and all their successors, all their conquests of Africa, and reduction to perpetual servitude of all people deemed non-believers and enemies of Christ, and all their properties. The first castle 1482, Columbus sails the ocean blue in 1492 and conquest after conquest under the guise of … The ruling maintained that Native Americans — referred to in the decision as “fierce savages” and “the conquered” — had the right to occupy land, but not full sovereignty. In 1452 Pope Nicholas V issued a papal bull entitled Dum Diversas, which authorized Afonso V of Portugal to conquer “ Saracens (Muslims) and pagans” in a disputed territory in Africa and consign them to “perpetual servitude.” Join us for a virtual Advent reflection series with Dan Schutte. Earlier Papal bulls, such as Pope Nicholas V 's Dum Diversas (1452) and Romanus Pontifex (1454), permitting the "perpetual servitude" of saracens and pagans in Africa, were used to justify the enslavement of natives and the appropriation of their lands during this era. You can even trace that to Leopold just a few centuries later since he was a self-identifying Catholic, but even the Protestants were in on the slave trade and subjugation as well (see the British empire). Dum Diversas (English: Until different) is a papal bull issued on 18 June 1452 by Pope Nicholas V. It authorized Afonso V of Portugal to conquer Saracens and pagans and consign them to “perpetual servitude”. In 1452, the papal bull Dum Diversas instructed the Portuguese crown “to invade, capture, vanquish, and subdue all Saracens, pagans, and other enemies of Christ, to put them into perpetual slavery, and to take away all their possessions and property.”. On May 30, 2019 May 31, 2019 By Dr. Y. Pope Nicholas V issued the papal bull Dum Diversas on 18 June, 1452. I look forward to watching it! Its vast extent offered an ample field to the ambition and enterprise of all; and the character and religion of its inhabitants afforded an apology for considering them as a people over whom the superior genius of Europe might claim an ascendency. In 1452, the papal bull Dum Diversas instructed the Portuguese crown “to invade, capture, vanquish, and subdue all Saracens, pagans, and other enemies … Vatican II – 1962-1965. From th… Pope Nicholas V issued the Papal Bull Dum Diversas on 18 June, 1452. Comment: Most of the encyclicals on this site come from the 5 volume set, “The Papal Encyclicals 1740-1981” published by Pierian Press. It concerned “the concession of the right of domination over the Guanches people” and the Canary Islands, which was taken over by the crown of Castile, a medieval state in the Iberian Peninsula. “And not just in the United States,” he added, but also “in Australia, New Zealand and Canada,” where large indigenous populations exist. On June 18, 1452, Pope Nicholas V issued a papal bull called Dum Diversas which he addressed to Alfonso V of Portugal. Dum Diversas (English: Until different) is a papal bull issued on 18 June 1452 by Pope Nicholas V. It authorized Afonso V of Portugal to conquer Saracens and pagans and consign them to … In 1493, after Christopher Columbus’ fateful voyage, Inter Caetera granted Ferdinand and Isabella “full and free power, authority, and jurisdiction of every kind,” over almost all of the Americas, save for a portion of modern-day Brazil and a few island outposts. The Dum Diversas, the Romanus Pontifex and the Inter Caetera Papal Bulls serve as the basis & justification for the Doctrine of Discovery, the global slave-trade of the 15th & 16th centuries, and the United States government’s Age of Imperialism.