Typically grows 2-4' tall (less frequently to 6') and spreads to 10' wide. Sumac is a fairly common plant, and you were probably taught for years that it is poisonous and should be avoided. It is a thicket-forming shrub or small tree with a rounded top. Trees are woody plants over 13 feet tall with a single trunk. Fragrant Sumac makes a pretty hedge or back of the border, especially if you like a wilder edge to your landscape. It has trifoliate (with three leaflets), medium-green leaves that turn orange, red, and purple in autumn. US east of the Rocky Mountains, from Ontario and Vines require support or else sprawl over the ground. Sumac is any one of about 35 species of flowering plants in the genus Rhus and related genera, in the family Anacardiaceae. The foliage is relatively unpalatable due to the high tannin content of the leaves. Uses: Excellent cover to stabilize bankings. There is also a recipe that uses the Fragrant Sumac fruit to … Sumac trees and shrubs are interesting throughout the year. Fragrant sumac prefers upland open woods, fields and rocky cliffs. Aromatic Sumac, Fragrant Sumac, Sweet-scented Sumac, Three-leaf Sumac, Skunk-bush Sumac Rhus aromatica . Twigs are slender, flexible, brown, hairy, becoming smooth later. It is native to North America and can be found in Southern Ontario. Call 1-800-392-1111 to report poaching and arson. One difference is that the leaflets of fragrant sumac are attached at a single point, while the terminal leaflet of poison oak has a short stem. Similar species: Poison ivy looks similar, but the terminal leaflets on poison ivy are on stalks ½–1¾ inches long, and its berries are creamy-white and hairless. Comments: Fragrant sumac forms thickets up … Leaves: deciduous, alternate, compound with 3 leaflets, variable in shape, lobing, and margin, the leaflets unstalked, ovate to rhomboid, more or less wedge-shaped at the base, coarsely-toothed, usually shiny-glabrous above, the terminal leaflet 3-6.5 cm long; summer foliage green to glossy blue-green, turning orange to red or purple in the fall. Fruit: Persists into winter. Form Growth Habit - Ascending, branchlets pubescent, rounded mounds. Fragrant Sumac. “Wood” is a type of tissue made of cellulose and lignin that many plants develop as they mature — whether they are “woody” or not. Many birds and mammals feed on the fruit. western Quebec, Massachusetts and New Hampshire Berries soaked in … Fragrant Sumac (Rhus aromatica) General Description ... Fruit Type - Hairy-clustered drupes, 1/4 inch in diameter, females only. The cultivar 'Gro-low' is often used as a ground cover as it is lower-growing. It is the stems that are pungently fragrant. Fragrant sumac commonly grows in low colonies in open woodlands. Uses For Sumac Berries. Fragrant_sumac_fall_color_Portland_10-27-18.JPG, Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants. This shrub will form a low colony and grows in dreadful soils that other plants would find intolerable. Shrubs are less than 13 feet tall, with multiple stems. Bark used for lung and urinary tract issues dysentery, diarrhea. Fruits: 5-7 mm in diameter, bright red at maturity and densely hairy, containing a single nutlet 3.8-4.5 mm long, in terminal clusters. Staghorn Sumac has leaves that have a hairy leaf stem and rachis, the stem that the leaflets are attached to. There are no sharp dividing lines between trees, shrubs, and woody vines, or even between woody and nonwoody plants. It grows in subtropical and temperate regions throughout the world, especially in East Asia, Africa, and North America. Also, fragrant sumac has hairy, reddish fruits (not waxy whitish ones). Fragrant Sumac slide 28c 360% slide 28a 360% slide 28d 520% III-53. Natives have been known to use the root to create a medicine for diarrhea. Flowers: yellow, in small, dense inflorescences on short lateral shoots, opening before the leaves, bisexual and unisexual, both types borne on the same plant (the species polygamodioecious); male (staminate) flowers in yellowish catkins, female (pistillate) flowers in bright yellow, short panicles at the ends of branches. Becoming popular as a landscaping plant. Trailing-rooting ground covers have trailing stems that spread out from a central root system. Its compound leaves with three leaflets loosely resemble those of its cousin, poison ivy, but this plant is not poisonous. Depending on the type, fragrant sumac can make a good foundation planting or a good screen during the growing season. South Dakota. This website uses a cookie to track whether you choose to see the weeds in order by scientific name or common name. To survive during severe winters, rabbits eat the bark. Occurs in rocky or open woods, in thickets, on glades, and along ledges. In late July, fruit matures as fuzzy, scarlet berries in dense, round clusters that persist through winter. Now, however, we are getting back to discovering the truth behind this plant. Fragrant sumac root was used by Native Americans to It is a trailing-rooting and colonizing ground cover. We protect and manage the fish, forest, and wildlife of the state. The leaves are fragrant or at least odorous. Small yellow flowers bloom in late March or early April. Note that it never climbs as a vine up the sides of trees. Fragrant sumac is drought tolerant and thrives in full sun; the leaves turn red and orange in fall. The foliage is green in summer and scarlet in fall. Fragrant sumac definition is - a sweet-scented sumac (Rhus aromatica) with ternate leaves, yellowish green flowers in spikes resembling catkins, and red hairy fruits. Fragrant Sumac will grow to be about 3 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 6 feet. Also, the fruit of the fragrant sumac … A small rounded, spreading shrub which forms a dense thicket of stems. Staghorn sumac, or Rhus typhina, is easily identified by the red fruit clusters resembling an Olympic torch, or the velvety antlers of a male deer (stag), hence the name of “staghorn.” Sumac is very popular in both the Middle East and the Mediterranean. We facilitate and provide opportunity for all citizens to use, enjoy, and learn about these resources. All parts edible and astringent. Small yellow flowers are present from early spring before foliage growth. Aromatic sumac is widespread and adaptable in hills and woods, occurring in East Texas, east and south to Florida, north to Vermont, Missouri and Minnesota. Clusters of fuzzy red fruit form on female plants through June. Fragrant bush up to 7ft tall, red hairy oily fruits, 3-leaf design, yellow flowers, red fuzzy berries. 'Grow Low' are easy to grow in many soils types. Bark is dark brown, smooth on young stems, becoming cracked later; pores prominent. Use Fragrant Sumac in sun or light shade in dryish soil. Tends to sucker and root along stems that touch the soil, forming a dense stand. It is used as a ground cover, and an excellent shrub for stabilizing banks and slopes. It tends to fill out right to the ground and therefore doesn't necessarily require facer plants in front. Fragrant Sumac can be an erect shrub with ascending branches, or it can be a low shrub with spreading branches. The leaves are fragrant or at least odorous. Also, fragrant sumac has hairy, reddish fruits (not waxy whitish ones), and it never crawls up trees as a vine. Turns out they’re all cousins. Fragrant … Depending on the variety, it is variable in size and branching habit. The fruit on this species is also fuzzy, with lots of tiny hairs on each berry in its fruit clusters. Leaves, Stews and Fruit Fragrant sumac leaves are arranged as 3 leaflets. Fragrant sumac is a thicket-forming shrub, with branches ascending or lying on the ground. They remind me of the Native Americans that first occupied this land, simply because they were such important sources of food, medicines, weaving materials and dyes. This is a great plant for … The bright green leaves look like rounded poison ivy leaves but are non-allergenic and turn bright red, yellow-orange and purple in the fall. Fragrant sumac is a low-growing shrub (4 feet or 1.2 m tall), which forms thickets in glades and on rocky balds. Straggling to upright native shrubs 0.5-2(-2.5) meters tall (rarely tree-like), forming colonial thickets of up to 10 feet spread, suckering from the roots, the branches slender ascending, puberulent, glabrate, or densely pilose; buds naked, tiny, yellow, hairy, surrounded by a raised, circular leaf scar. Use Read on for sumac tree info and growing tips. Fragrant sumac has hairy, reddish fruits (while poison ivy has waxy whitish fruits). Yes, some varieties are poisonous, but many are not, and it’s not difficult to … Known … The leaves and twigs are fragrant when crushed or damaged, a feature that lends the plant its common name. Sumac family (Anacardiaceae). It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 25 years. Smooth sumac and fragrant sumac have always been conspicuous in the fall, but now they seem more apparent to me. Fragrant sumac (Rhus aromatica) is often mistaken for poison oak, and both grow in similar habitats. Soils should be well drained and of dry to medium moisture. Winged (dwarf, or shining) sumac (R. copallinum) is most common south of the Missouri River. Fruit and leaves can be chewed for stomach ache, diabetes. Rhus aromatica. Yellow-green flowers appear before leaves emerge. Fragrant sumac. It has small yellow flowers, hairy red fruits, and glossy leaves that change to gorgeous orange-red in autumn. The common name sumac is from the Middle English for related tree. The leaflets are egg-shaped and coarsely toothed. Note the middle leaflet of its "leaves of three": On fragrant sumac, there is no (or at most a very short) leaf stalk on that middle leaflet. If you plant this, you can have a bit of fun surprising visitors who can't tell it from poison ivy! The male plants produce yellow catkins while the female plants boast clusters of tiny yellow flowers in spring. Leaves are alternate, compound with three leaflets, leaflets lacking stalks; terminal leaflet 2–2½ inches long, short stalked, egg-shaped, tip pointed to rounded, margin lobed or coarsely toothed, lower edge lacking teeth; foliage fragrant when crushed. The show begins with large clusters of flowers in spring, followed by attractive, brilliantly colored fall foliage. The fall color is a vibrant red to orange, and birds flock to the clusters of red, fuzzy berries. Fruit Color - Red. A small native Missouri shrub. Fragrant Sumac is a slow growing shrub that typically grows 2-4 meters tall. Call it a cousin-cidence. Some people make an iced tea from the sour berries, sweetened like lemonade. These stems spread out horizontally over the ground and can root where they come in contact with th… Aromatic sumac, lemon sumac, polecat sumac Uses: The fruit is an important winter food for birds, including turkeys, ruffed grouse, robins and flickers, and for various small mammals. Fragrant sumac (Rhus aromatica) is a low growing shrub with spreading branches that turn up at the tips. The leaves were also used in treatments of colds. Natives of Canada and the United States have used fragrant sumac over the centuries for its astringent properties, which assist with poultices. Very nice fall color. Rhus aromatica, commonly called fragrant sumac, is a deciduous Missouri native shrub which occurs in open woods, glades and thickets throughout the State.A dense, low-growing, rambling shrub which spreads by root suckers to form thickets in the wild. Anacardiaceae. The leaves of the three species differ slightly as well. In fall, the leaves turn brilliant hues and add to its value as a shrub. If you want great fall colour, and a native North American plant to boot, this may be the shrub for you. Unlike its cousin poison ivy, fragrant sumac is a peasant, nontoxic plant. Noteworthy Characteristics. Fragrant sumac has a greater chance of taking the abuse than the other plants and may act as protection for them. Modest yellow flowers appear in spring followed by small dark red fruits (on female plants) in fall. Fragrant Sumac 'Gro Low' ( Rhus aromatica) are short, wide growing shrubs with bright fall foliage. Does well as a border planting along woods. The bright red clusters of autumn berries often last into winter. The sumac has dense branches that reach a height of up to 8 feet and a width of up to 10 feet. The leaves of fragrant sumac turn brilliant colors in the fall. During the winter, small mammals, turkeys, grouse, robins, and flickers eat the seeds and rabbits and mice eat the bark. Foliage/fruit. Wildlife Value: A favorite of grouse and turkey. Soil/Site: Dry soils, tolerates partial shade and acid soils. Note the lack of a separate, elongated leaf stalk on the center leaflet; instead, the leaf middle leaflet blade tapers to where it joins the other two. The fruits were used to treat toothaches and the flu. When to Plant a Fragrant Sumac. Known for its lemony scent, fragrant sumac is a native Midwestern plant that blooms in early spring with greenish-yellow flowers and bright red and orange fruits in late summer and fall. Facts. Find local MDC conservation agents, consultants, education specialists, and regional offices. These plants grow naturally throughout the woods in the central part of the U.S., so they do fine in full sunlight to dappled shade. Also, poison ivy can climb as a vine, with aerial roots, while fragrant sumac doesn't climb at all. Fragrant sumac is native to most of the Fruits: 5-7 mm in diameter, bright red at maturity and densely hairy, containing a single nutlet 3.8-4.5 mm long, in terminal clusters. Noted for its aromatic foliage, attractive berries and glorious fall colors, Rhus aromatica (Fragrant Sumac) is a dense, sprawling, deciduous shrub with lower branches that turn up at the tips. The shrub was fragrant sumac (Rhus aromatica). Height is 2 to 5 feet tall and 5 to 10 feet wide. The fruit is eaten by many species of birds and mammals. Low, irregular spreading shrub with lower branches that grow horizontally then turn up at the tips. Fragrant sumac is a dense, low shrub that readily spreads by suckers to form thickets. Increasingly used as a native landscaping plant, there are now a selection of varieties and cultivars available, some taller, some shorter or "dwarf." Like its cousin poison ivy, fragrant sumac turns lovely colors in the fall. Fuzzy, kind of like a staghorn sumac (Rhus typina). to Florida and west to the Great Plains in Texas to Native to North America, it is dioecious with separate male and female plants. Michael Dirr, author of The Manual of Woody Plants, says of fragrant sumac that although it is “somewhat of a second-class citizen”, he “cannot remember any (of the hundreds he has seen over the years) that were offensive”. Flowers late March–April, before the leaves; clusters 1½ inches long, at ends of twigs (not along stems); flowers small, yellowish-green; petals egg-shaped, tips pointed; stamens shorter than the petals. The common name sumac is from the Middle English for related tree. Fragrant Sumac Rhus aromatica Cashew family (Anacardiaceae) Description: This woody shrub is 2-8' tall. The Smooth Sumac and Shining Sumac are smooth both on the twigs and the fruits. Small berries are attractive to birds and other pollinators. Fragrant sumac is named for the spicy citrus fragrance, evident when the leaves are bruised. The thickets provide wildlife cover. Fruits May–July, round, red, hairy, about ¼ inch long.