0000057764 00000 n In this paper, economic loss to poultry industry has been estimated considering the major economic parameters. Coccidiosis is a common parasitic disease of broiler chickens caused by single-celled protozoan parasites of the genus Eimeria which are commonly referred to as coccidia, explained Dr Hector Cervantes of Phibro Animal Health Corp during a presentation at the 2008 North Carolina Broiler Supervisors Short Course. In an outbreak, coccidiocidal medications are given. However, large-scale and long-term use of anticoccidial drugs has led to the worldwide development of resistance against all these drugs. 0000012420 00000 n Revised April 2001 Agdex 663-35 Coccidiosis in Chickens Coccidiosis causes considerable economic loss in the poultry industry. Clinical signs include mucoid or bloody diarrhea, dehydration, anemia, listlessness, ruffled feathers, suboptimal growth and death. Coccidiosis site parasitized by E mitis in poultry. Diarrhea, which may become bloody in severe cases, is the primary symptom. Coccidiosis is the major parasitic disease of poultry with substantial economic losses due to malabsorption, bad feed conversion rate, reduced weight gain and increased mortality. International Poultry Production • Volume 26 Number 7 21 Investigating the effect of an essential oils blend on coccidiosis I n 2006 the European Commission banned antibiotics as growth promoters (AGPs) in animal feeds – the ‘Precautionary Principle’ was invoked due to the growing concern of consumers. chickens this is almost diagnostic for caecal coccidiosis. So Life cycle of coccidiosis represent by flow chart. Clinically, bloody faeces, ruffled feathers, anaemia, reduced head size and somnolence are observed. endobj Chemicals for Prevention of Coccidiosis in Chicken Drug Use Level (% in feed) Withdrawal Time (days) Amprolium 0.0125–0.025 0 Amprolium + ethopabate 0.0125–0.025 + 0.0004–0.004 0 Clopidol or meticlorpindol 0.0125–0.025 0 Decoquinate 0.003 0 Diclazuril 0.0001 0 A 1999 paper put its global cost to production and control at more than $5bn each year. /H [ 1172 288 ] <> >> Coccidiosis is a parasitic disease of the intestinal tract of poultry that is caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Eimeria. Some drugs can be used to treat the disease and support the build up of immunity, whereas others only treat infection at the time of administration, with follow-up doses required. • Most costly of all poultry diseases. In short, coccidiosis is a protozoic parasite that infects the intestines of the animal it has “chosen” for its host. <> PDF | Coccidiosis is the most important protozoan disease affecting the poultry industry worldwide. It is a disease complex of poultry caused by different species of parasite Eimeria. In poultry, Coccidiosis is generally acute in onset and is characterized by depression, ruffled plumage, , and diarrhea. 0000002326 00000 n startxref endobj Coccidiosis Farooq Sarwar Talha Hussain Amanat Ali 2. In India, coccidiosis is a serious problem and is one of the biggest causes of economic losses in poultry. Recently, a significant interest in natural sources has developed due to the pressure to poultry industry to produce drug-free birds. Broadly life cycle of coccidiosis divided by two cycles- Asexual & Sexual reproduction & both have unique stages . • Host specific. %PDF-1.5 In short, coccidiosis is a protozoic parasite that infects the intestines of the animal it has “chosen” for its host. /Linearized 1 However, there is no published data on the overall prevalence of this disease on the poultry industry. x�e�� Clinically it is characterized by enteritis although subclinical infections are frequent. We have assumed some parameters that are suitable for this geographical location. It is caused by a parasitic organism that damages the host’s intestinal system, causing loss of production, morbidity and death. 74 0 obj l Improper poultry whole colour-ing. Managing Coccidiosis in My Poultry Flock – DVD As part of this Knowledge Translation and Transfer project, a self-guided educational DVD was created in addition to the information presented in this manual. 0000011666 00000 n challenge for coccidiosis prevention and control and propelled the search for alternative strategies among which vaccination is of major importance [25,26]. /Root 74 0 R multiple species of coccidia at the pigmentation loss, weight loss, slow Chickens will usually develop immu­ DIVISION OF AGRICULTURE . • All avian species affected. Coccidiosis, a protozoal disease of many mammalian, and all domestic livestock species, is caused by infection with species of the genera Eimeria or Isospora. Coccidiosis is a significant disease for chickens, especially affecting the young chicks. >> endstream UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS . endobj The disease is relatively common in sheep, goats and Current prophylaxis an… The infectious process is rapid (4–7 days) and is characterized by parasite replication in host cells with extensive damage to the intestinal mucosa. /ID[<1CBB4A4D0C58C965ED429EE57EA91816> <1D32B16658C69F429D69B18BCF0A61A6>] Coccidiosis in chickens is a parasitic disease with great economic significance, which has been controlled successfully for decades using mainly anticoccidial products. 2 0 obj So, proper control measures should be followed for its prevention of occurrence. Turkeys - … Diarrhea, which may become bloody in severe cases, is the primary symptom. /T 204442 >> 0000000015 00000 n Coccidiosis is a very dreadful poultry disease that can ruin a farm within days. 0000001460 00000 n against coccidiosis in chicken. ���*�U4��� �/�2 ��Զ�����~w%?_� �\�a��m�O�F�E�Q����k�O��ˮ�^^v�j�/�?������yWm�x�� �����&�P�δ���]�/�`�*��H�j+����ޔ�����_�D�ZfJ��Q�/��Kv�����8�S�'v���(h��m���4��Y��~���3�+�!��n�s���;�C��?� ������|�e'*��i��������/���_�N"!�����[�¿��8�`���O��4�^_�%߷�����~�|>|O�������n��b�J7��#d���xA&jWmG�����#��e^e��@ i^�"Q�q�������i�#��bqMx�?,�j�ݟZ���X��,l��v. /L 205946 Coccidiosis is one of the most devastating diseases with a substantial economic impact to the poultry industry. Coccidiosis in poultry: review on diagnosis, control, prevention and interaction with overall gut health M. DE GUSSEM 1Alpharma Animal Health, Laarstraat 16, B-2610 Wilrijk, Belgium Corresponding author: maarten.degussem@alpharma.com _____ Coccidiosis in poultry is still considered as one of the main diseases affecting performance of poultry Poultry Coccidiosis is a valuable, comprehensive reference that reviews the biology of coccidia, covers current diagnostic and testing procedures, and thoroughly covers the anti-coccidial vaccines and drugs that are currently available. The most significant in terms of economy is the subclinical form of coccidiosis. endobj This disease has a major economic impact on the global poultry industry. Avian Diseases. Results revealed that percent protection and daily weight gains were significantly higher (P<0.05) in chicken administered with A. vera polysaccharides as compared to control group. In addition, the use of anticoccidial drugs and/or vaccines for treatment and … Coccidiosis is one of the most important diseases of livestock, particularly poultry, with billions of dollars spent on prevention worldwide. Coccidiosis in Chickens. A method of controlling poultry coccidiosis in chickens through the application of a formulated disinfectant and administration of a formulated coccidiostat provided in drinking water for the chickens. 0000073901 00000 n 0000002230 00000 n �.$�{^��]&/΄��R%����5�{�=�m�n�_jLn�=�R�A5��1R���T����>:B|�?=(���8֝�a��0�v��cń��?����O��(٥��?��>P����>���';�V����j��D��Oo"XĻ$wy~��ٌ#���B��H���^5���d��_6�dFA�&�א�+ ���c�Qm�"�MΉTQpG�rܿ�0)�`�~,�����h�#��SLې��� ��(�ͽ���h�WjZEGAnq�Sx�y_tw�}"�H����|�{����1�,����+� �����4Kx1BL_=�@W�7�{L�PXU� �=o�W��wߏ��F�ȍU�G�Hb#'�zf��)�#*�0#:L""5 ��۝��|#4�o�rk������Y$��"�s�����E�]wUe�!_��1.�%. Coccidiosis affecting poultry birds include Eimeria tenella, E. necatrix, E. maxima, E. mivati, E. mitis, E. brunette etc. Coccidiosis in poultry 1. <> The disease is so important and pervasive that until recently, all poultry feed was medicated with coccidiostats, mainly antibiotics. In poultry, most species belong to the genus Eimeria and infect various sites in the intestine. Data and Methodology In this study, we have used the model developed by Williams (1999) to estimate the losses due to poultry. 102 0 obj With the rapid development of drug resistance, the… �0D��{�C�ݴ�9�����ŊMjL��Mz����H� 0000001841 00000 n The methods for preventing coccidiosis are anticoccidial drugs and immunization. Infection with Eimeria, which invade and replicate within gut epithelial cells, can compromise chicken welfare and reduce productivity in both layer and broiler systems requiring relatively costly treatments. 81 0 obj Graduate Student Poultry Science . 0000008805 00000 n 0 0000001647 00000 n The optimum conditions for coccidiosis to develop in chickens are the same for coccidiosis in turkeys so the control and prevention are as described above. The disease is so important and pervasive that until recently, all poultry feed was medicated with coccidiostats, mainly antibiotics. Coccidia life-cycle. Poultry Coccidiosis is a valuable, comprehensive reference that reviews the biology of coccidia, covers current diagnostic and testing procedures, and thoroughly covers the anti-coccidial vaccines and drugs that are currently available. *H����D:R$��R趷�~���7��.fgz������̥�����a:��L��x�.%��L��{O#�9ȒY��L5R��Q#1�r��>�8�_G{�G6��j�}R�#�������5:��n��:[��k�Q=�g�+U� �@��v}�(?ʴ�ʻG��r�Ш�a�U�3��9�%d��VХ��X�1d��Hi� *�4�bT|�Г�t�N�NyX#�U� �'�����i� �q�4��>1��sؚ8���`]�Ji��#���ow���X��GlBU��c����Y�)��o�]5e�Ya�*!~���X�a�v@㋎��B"��l�m�,b�Ȍ�f{RX�%S��J3W��q�Y�����P�0���~�#���8}]*�. 73 0 obj 0000096129 00000 n stream Consequently, the search of products derived from plants and other natural sources has increased in the last years. stream Coccidiosis is an old parasitic disease, prevalent all over the country and has a significant impact on poultry production. <> The intestinal tract is affected, with the exception of the renal coccidiosis in geese. The disease spreads from one animal to another by contact with infected feces or ingestion of infected tissue. 92 Agricultural Economics Research Review Vol.23 January-June 2010 coccidiosis in India. University of Arkansas System . 0000109256 00000 n Most of these parasites invade the chicken’s intestinal tract, but some invade other organs, such as the liver and kidney. Microscopic coccidia parasites are the archenemies of poultry farmers, who must spend tremendous amounts of effort and money to keep coccidiosis at bay. 75 0 obj Infection with Eimeria sp. The cost of coccidiosis and impact on poultry production is due to the cost of coccidial control (e.g. Coccidiosis of Poultry Causes, symptoms, lesions, and preventive measures By ROBERT G.RAHAM and C. A. BRANDLY . However, many infections are subclinical. FSA8020. This means if you have livestock around with coccidiosis they won’t infect your chickens and vice versa. What Is Coccidiosis? 4 0 obj stream Coccidiosis, a protozoal disease of many mammalian, and all domestic livestock species, is caused by infection with species of the genera Eimeria or Isospora. 0000000992 00000 n 3 0 obj weight loss due to Eimeria spp affect the intestine making it prone to other diseases (necrotic enteritis) and reducing the ability of this organ to absorb nutrients. Coccidiosis in poultry 1. The control of avian coccidiosis since the 1940s has been associated with the use of ionophores and chemical drugs. /N 9 The economic impacts of coccidiosis are the following (The Poultry Site, 2013): • Coccidiosis Farooq Sarwar Talha Hussain Amanat Ali 2. chicken meat production in India was around 2.2 million tonnes. The disease spreads from one animal to another by contact with infected feces or ingestion of infected tissue. 0000074134 00000 n The value of poultry exports was around Rs 441 crore during 2007-08 (Economic Survey, 2009). of coccidiosis globally is estimated to be approximately $2.4 billion (2). 0000001768 00000 n ), host genetics, and environmental factors could influence the clinical outcome of avian coccidiosis. Coccidiosis in poultry is still considered as one of the main diseases affecting the performance of poultry birds reared under the intensive system of management. x��=ێ�F���z���X,��c�����؇dؒl��C*��v�W�'�ԕdQ�&��-��n����������w�F���O�_�M��M%�\�M)3]o>���U������W?n7���|���W��ۏ�FE���h Coccidial infec- 0000096375 00000 n The intestinal tract is affected, with the exception of the renal coccidiosis in geese. Progress has been made in combating the disease but it is still a threat. Coccidiosis is prevalent among many different kinds of animals, but it’s species-specific (and if you thought ‘coccidiosis’ was hard to say, try saying ‘species-specific’ three times really fast). The cost of coccidiosis to the poultry industry is massive. 77 0 obj /O 75 common disease of poultry worldwide. Coccidiosis, discovered in the late 1920’s, has a major economic impact on the poultry industry. <> 0000095040 00000 n Many products are available for prevention or treatment of coccidiosis in chickens, via both feed and water, with withdrawal periods ranging from 0-10 days. Introduction. Managing Coccidiosis. <> 80 0 obj 0000001172 00000 n 0000072822 00000 n >> The upper part (duodenum) and middle part (jejunum) of the small intestine, as well as the lower part (ileum), may show varying degrees of inflam­ mation. This disease is of worldwide occurrence and every year costs the poultry industry many millions of dollars to control. 0000058201 00000 n Coccidiosis in Chickens Coccidiosis causes considerable economic loss in the poultry industry. 0000072734 00000 n Here you will find articles dedicated to this topic. endobj Definition Coccidiosis is a parasitic disease of the intestinal tract of animals caused by coccidian protozoa. /ProcSet 101 0 R There are chick feed mixes that contain a coccidiostat to manage exposure levels and control disease. Clinically, bloody faeces, ruffled feathers, anaemia, reduced head size and somnolence are observed. %PDF-1.4 << Coccidia in chickens. endobj %%EOF /Filter/FlateDecode >> /Font <> Total estimated loss is massive, calculated at a gross €10 billion on an annual basis. Consequently, the search of products derived from plants and other natural sources has increased in the last years. E praecox is considered to be of less economic importance than the other species. INTESTINAL COCCIDIOSIS IN CHICKENS . Coccidiosis is a protozoan disease caused by Eimeria spp. Chicks infected with coccidiosis show varying symptoms of unthrifti­ ness, such as loss of weight, ruffled feathers, weakness, drowsiness, and huddling in groups. Coccidiosis occurs when pathogenic populations of the causative agent rapidly build up. Product data sheet for information purposes only. These parasites damage the guts of the birds, leading to moderate clinical symptoms such as sick bird appearance, bloody stool, hemorrhage, and gut lesions and death. It can be fatal or leave the bird with compromised digestion. /Info 72 0 R note that coccidial counts of fewer than 50,000 oocysts per gram are generally not of concern, unless a bird is showing concurrent clinical signs. xref Faecal worm egg and coccidial oocyst counts (using the McMaster method) can be used to detect worms and coccidiosis. There are currently few studies on the prevalence and risk factors associated with the occurrence of poultry coccidiosis in Maiduguri, despite the fact that majority Coccidiosis is a common protozoan disease in domestic birds and other fowl, characterized by enteritis and bloody diarrhoea. Most coccidia in poultry belong to the genus Eimeria, which are highly host-specific. Asexual Reproduction. Chickens are susceptible to at least 11 species of coccidia. • Strictly a gut infection in chickens and turkeys. 78 0 obj Live coccidiosis vaccines for chickens have been available for almost 70 years, but the requirement to formulate blends of oocysts from multiple Eimeria species makes vaccine production costly and logistically demanding. /Size 103 76 0 obj <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 11 0 R 12 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 595.44 841.68] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S>> << << /S 188 /Length 207 0000032619 00000 n As the world’s poultry production continues to grow, so do concerns about the control of Eimeria infections that cause coccidiosis, which remains one of the most commonly reported diseases of chickens (e.g., Biggs, 1982; Xie et al., 2001). Most … <> Coccidiosis is the clinical illness caused by infection with the protozoan parasite genus Eimeria (coccidia). Pathogens (Eimeria species, swallowed oocyst counts, etc. Total number of HTML views: 0. COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE >> Poultry health and welfare is threatened by a number of pathogens and protozoan parasites of the genus Eimeria are among the most important. There are two types OOcycst involved this process. results in the activation of multiple facets of the host immune system; the use of phytogenics can modulate the inflammator… What Is Coccidiosis? The protozoa set up house in the intestinal lining, and damages the organ, rendering it unable to absorb the nutrition your chickens need to thrive. Agriculture and Natural Resources. endobj trailer Coccidiosis is one of the most important economically poultry diseases and coccidial infections are usually most common and important in chickens younger than 1 year Abebe et al.[6]. The most common species are Eimeria tenella, which causes the cecal or bloody type of coccidiosis, E. necatrix, which causes bloody intestinal coccidiosis, and E. acervulina and E. maxima, which cause chronic intestinal coccidiosis. Coccidiosis IS severe disease and important from an economic point of view In poultry industry. The control of avian coccidiosis since the 1940s has been associated with the use of ionophores and chemical drugs. E praecox E praecox, which infects the upper small intestine, does not cause distinct lesions but may decrease rate of growth. Coccidiosis is a deadly and debilitating infectious disease in poultry, which is caused by enteric protozoan parasites,Eimeria species, in the guts of birds. >> 347.The area around the vent is stained with blood. /E 109315 endobj stream However, each country and local city has different costs associated with coccidiosis. l Increased percentage of selection birds. Control measures include good husbandry, as a prime requirement and the use of anticoccidial drugs for both prophylaxis and treatment. often prior to patency (before shedding oocyst) young birds at greatest risk Chickens --E. tenella (<4wk old), E. necatrix (>6wk old), E. acervulina, E. maxima, E. mivati, and E. brunetti. Total number of PDF views: 0 * Loading metrics... Abstract views. 0000031566 00000 n Avian intestinal coccidiosis is a ubiquitous protozoal gastrointestinal (GI) parasite (i.e. The good news is, coccidiosis in chickens is easy to identify and treat. Development of immunity to coccidiosis in chickens administered anticoccidials in feed. <> The high prevalence rate of coccidiosis also necessitates the need to study the pathology of the disease in Makurdi. It inflicts heavy mortality each year mainly in broilers and also in grower raised on deep litter by impairing the growth and feed utilization of infected birds. Circular 485 . endobj Coccidiosis is a major poultry disease. %���� 22: 487. In the past it has been realized that eradication of coccidia is not realistic and hygienic measures alone are not able to prevent infections. Commercial chicken flocks free from coccidia are extremely rare (Williams, 1999a). PDF Abstract. %���� The parasites can multiply to overwhelming numbers in the digestive tracts of chickens, usually young ones, causing bloody or watery […] Coccidiosis in Livestock, Poultry, Companion Animals, and Humans Coccidiosis is one of the most important diseases of livestock, particularly poultry, with billions of dollars spent on prevention worldwide. NO�������&B��@�#�88e���bJ:�e�e.Jb!k�Z�X)47Xp�F�����yF�������W�b�}�]�g�3zf댮�T��iRU��� �[/-endstream endobj AVIAN COCCIDIOSIS • One of the most potentially destructive diseases in domestic poultry production. The nine coccidia which infect chickens are E. acervulina, E. brunetti, E. hagani, E. maxima, E. mitis, E. mivati, E. necatrix, E. praecox and E. tenella. Clinical signs include diarrhea, fever, inappetence, weight loss, emaciation, and in extreme cases, death. <> Coccidiosis is such a common and serious problem for flock keepers everywhere. Coccidiosis is one of the most common and economically important diseases of chickens worldwide. Several re ports on the prevalence of avian coccidiosis in a number of states across N igeria have been documented. Life cycle of coccidiosis by Asexual reproduction started from Ocyst from infected host by faeces. 2. x�3T0 B]C aab����U�e�!��eh`�R��¥�i����� [)�endstream Coccidiosis of the small intestines of chickens is generally chronic or subacute, altho it occasionally occurs in the acute form. Coccidiosis is a common protozoan disease in domestic birds and other fowl, characterized by enteritis and bloody diarrhoea. Essentially solid free-flowing pre-mixes and aqueous concentrates intended for addition to nutrient material in the manufacture of feedstuffs for poultry are provided consisting essentially of from about 1000 to about 1,000,000 viable sporulated oocysts of at least one species of coccidia to which poultry are susceptible and at least one edible thickening agent. Definition Coccidiosis is a parasitic disease of the intestinal tract of animals caused by coccidian protozoa. medication and vaccination), predisposition to RESEARCH & EXTENSION . /Prev 204433 The cost of these interventions, combined with the losses caused by infecti… Eimeria infection impacts upon chicken welfare and economic productivity of the poultry sector. 79 0 obj Clinically it is characterized by enteritis although subclinical infections are frequent. <> Coccidiosis is usually an acute invasion and destruction of intestinal mucosa by protozoa of the genera Eimeria or Isospora. Coccidiosis is a common disease in poultry and it is prevalent among different kinds of livestock animals, even though it is species-specific. This guide will give you the low-down on all things coccidia. stream Coccidiosis is an intestinal disease caused by intracellular protozoal parasites (Allen and Fetterer, 2002). 0000058485 00000 n Chickens are susceptible to at least 11 species of coccidia. x��\Ks��q�ϯ�#� {�n�,�Ʋl� mvh4��hh�rO��>:_$�/��6�����|g����w��rj��������44����}�����7�{x�]�?D�]zLS����w��b�]vyt����{���~����4�����Yzt�>�|߇���TUsnœ~��F�$hF�t�a���Z0 /:�W�Xn������;G�q 0�S׏:���S%�@7��`ﲠ�a~�'B�>�Ei����*�I��^i-�]w� Recently, a significant interest in natural sources has developed due to the pressure to poultry industry to produce drug-free birds. Coccidiosis or Cocci in poultry is an important protozoan disease that is capable of wiping out a large of number of affected chickens overnight. Live vaccine against coccidiosis in chickens, in oral suspension for spray. 0000008954 00000 n 73 30 F. Dustan Clark . Poultry Coccidiosis Poultry Massive destruction of epithelial cells - hemorrhage, malabsorption. Coccidiosis is the major parasitic disease of poultry with substantial economic losses. Examples are toltrazuril (Baycox) or amprolium. The documents to be downloaded contain technical data for information purposes only and are in no way to be taken as prescription guidelines. /XObject <> the economic losses due to poultry coccidiosis in India. The oocysts are larger than those of E acervulina and are numerous in affected areas. Kayleigh Moyle . 75. Coccidiosis is caused by protozoa of the phylum Apicomplexa, family Eimeriidae. Coccidiosis is known to be the most prevalent and most expensive disease of poultry in the worldwide Gari et al. The intestinal contents may be watery. The disease is relatively common in sheep, goats and 1 0 obj >> 0000008990 00000 n microscopic single celled organism) which primarily affects young chickens. Coccidiosis is an economically important disease of cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, poultry (see endobj On the other hand, oocyst counts and lesion scores were lower (P<0.05) in polysaccharides administered chickens as compared to control. 0000032338 00000 n Coccidiosis in poultry is characterized by enteritis and bloody diarrhoea. The information contained in them may vary from one country to another based on local legislations. Klimes, ... Full text views reflects the number of PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views. chicken coccidiosis in Makurdi, attention must be given not only to the prevalence of coccidiosis and Eimeria species , but also to the pathology caused by the most prevalent species in Makurdi. It is caused by Eimeria tenella and other members of the same genus (McDougald, 1998). Aside x�c```g``����� �� Ȁ �@1VF��ǚ�z�$�+��p\�Z T�2���� Rӎ��г��֏sm��������pe�����ُ�@����֤;g��8U�v}ϋ�h�燌�0�K7��Qּ�m��t��v$ �*��z�!�� *�y�620h:�6�9����(���=�M ��Yd���°� �IQZ 0000012134 00000 n 0000001899 00000 n Role of natural antioxidants for the control of coccidiosis in poultry [/PDF /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI /Text ] Coccidiosis is one of diseases of poultry that play inhibitory role in the growth of this industry. View product data sheet. endobj Causing loss of production, morbidity and death affecting the young chicks characterized by enteritis although subclinical infections are.. A parasitic disease of the intestinal tract is affected, with the parasite! Divided by two cycles- Asexual & Sexual reproduction & both have unique stages Sexual reproduction & both have stages! This disease on the poultry industry to produce drug-free birds affected chickens overnight ) can be fatal leave. 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